Ahmad is a 5-year-old student who knows nothing about Arabic. His father is eager to teach him how to learn Tajweed of Quran online and read it correctly since there is no Islamic center near his house. After clarifying this intention, he wants his son to learn Quran with tajweed for beginners. At first, the teacher discusses some important issues with Ahmad’s father to make good use of the course. These issues are concerned with the following questions:
- What is the meaning of Tajweed?
- Why is it important to learn Tajweed?
- How can I teach my child Tajweed?
- How can I learn Tajweed, or how to improve your Tajweed?
- How long does it take to learn Tajweed?
A) Tajweed meaning
To help Ahmad’s father to realize the importance of the effort to be exerted, the teacher started to give him a brief introduction to the Tajweed course and how to learn Tajweed of Quran.
Linguistically, Tajweed is an Arabic word coming from the verb “Jawwada;” i.e., to beautify something. This means that it is a way to beautify Quran recitation in a specific manner coming to us from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). For the applied meaning, Tajweed is articulating every letter from its articulation point and giving the letter its rights [the required characteristics] and dues [temporary manners].
B) Roots and Principles of Tajweed
This branch of knowledge mainly depends on listening and oral receipt. Thus, the rule setter from the practical point of view is the Prophet (PBUH), because the Quran was revealed to him from Allah SWT with Tajweed. However, the rules setters from the scientific point of view are the scholars of Quranic sciences.
Tajweed mainly depends on 4 matters:
- Knowledge of the articulation points of the letters
- Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters
- Knowledge of what rules change in the letters due to the order of letters
- Exercising the tongue and a lot of repetition
Why is it important to learn Tajweed?
The parent seems interested in the new information he receives from the teacher, so he asks: Why is it important to learn Tajweed or benefits of learning Tajweed? The teacher says:
The main fruit is to preserve the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation of the Glorious Quran during reading. Indeed, this importance was highly illustrated when the Arabs mixed with non-Arabs after the spread of Islam. Thus, Muslims feared that the Arab tongue would become corrupted with this intermixing, [Tajweed Rules of the Qur’an by Kareema Carol, Ch. 1, Principles of Tajweed, p. 23 & 24].
How to learn Tajweed of Quran easily? How do I teach my child Tajweed?
Ahmad’s parent is now convinced with the importance of learning Tajweed for beginners. He asks again: How do I teach my child tajweed? I want to start early with him to be easy to master the articulation points and manners.
The teacher answers: First we need to learn the Arabic letters as they are the main component in the Quran. We will learn how to pronounce each letter with different vowels that can accompany it. At that time, we depend on the oral approach only if we read the Quran with the kid.
After mastering the letters, we move to learn how to recite Quran with Tajweed. Thus, we start to learn Tajweed practical rules, like the rules of the Non-voweled Meem and the Non-voweled Noon to prepare him to memorize Quran online. In this phase, we can practice recitation partially from Mushaf by focusing mainly on the rule we are studying.
It will be useful also for the parent to have an idea about the Tajweed with an ability to recite Quran correctly to help his kid. Learning is a lifelong approach. It’s highly recommended to connect our souls with knowledge related to the book of Allah the Almighty.
How to improve your Tajweed?
The teacher continues his words saying: Of course the time of the class is not enough to master recitation with Tajweed. That’s why we give the students assignments to master the skill. The assignment usually depends on the age and the capacity of the student. The parent’s role is important here to follow up to support the process and make his son know how to learn Tajweed of Quran the proper way.
Repeat, repeat, repeat:
There are many websites to help in practicing Quran recitation with Tajweed. After mastering the Arabic letters and starting the journey of how to learn Tajweed of Quran, as mentioned earlier, specify an amount of Ayat according to your capability, listen to them as a whole, then listen to one Ayah or even part of it, then pause and repeat after the Sheikh with your eyes in the Mushaf in all the process. There are many websites that provide the option of selecting the number of times you need to replay.
Try to reflect and understand what you read:
The Quran is a group of messages from Allah the Almighty to us to understand, reflect and apply to reach success here and in the Hereafter. Moreover, understanding the meanings of the Quran is very important, you can choose the translation you prefer from the settings. I suggest for you Fadel Soliman, Bridges’ translation, and DR. Mustafa Khattab translation.